Organic gardens (also eco gardens and bio gardens) are becoming more widespread. Awareness that the use of different synthetic chemicals has bad effect on health and environment, has led many people to think about food they grow in their own gardens. The main feature of organic gardening is that all plants are grown in harmony with nature. The yield is slightly lower, but we do not need to devote money to buy expensive fertilizers and chemical products for control of diseases and pests. Organic gardener maintains balance between plants, soil and animals, thus ensuring a constant yield.
Organic garden is not garden type or style but the way of gardening. Organic garden can be of different types and styles, but it is very important that we treat it sustainable. Organic gardening is more challenging than regular gardening. When something goes wrong, we must first determine what is the cause of the problem and then we need to find a natural solution. This requires extensive knowledge of the requirements of plants. We will not succeed every time, but we should not give up if we do not succeed at first.
If you are transferring existing garden into organic garden, you should expect some problems with pests and diseases. It will take few years to achieve natural balance that is needed. The soil is usually exhausted or supersaturated with substances that in abundance and scarcity create problems for plants. Many plants will die of problems with pests are diseases. But with perseverance, careful observation and understanding of what is happening in the garden we will learn which plants are suitable and how to ensure the greatest possible yield. Thus, fruit and vegetables will not be beautiful as those from shops or markets, but will be healthy and produced in a way that does not harm nature.
In organic garden we need to give a lot of attention to the soil. Soil is the basis for good fertility. Before you start to create vegetable garden, it makes sense to do a chemical analysis of the soil. Thus, we come to know the soil's pH (acidity and alkalinity), level of nutrients and possible presence of heavy metals. On basis of this analysis, we can improve the soil. Soil can always be enriched with compost or well- seasoned manure.
Compost is the best fertilizer for organic garden. We can produce it from our own biological waste generated in the garden and in the kitchen (never use animal waste). We can fertilized also with use of green manures (planting certain plants that we later dig into ground). If we find that the soil lacks certain elements, we create plant based fertilizers.
Crop rotation is an integral part of every organic vegetable garden. This way we can regulate absorption of nutrients from the soil. Individual plants absorb different elements. The same type of plants sown on the same place year after year makes soil poor and yield will be smaller. We plant same vegetables on same place every few years.
Various pests and diseases are a nuisance that can be avoided in several ways. The best way is mixed cultivation. We plant together those plants that have positive impact on each other and protect from different pests. Onions and carrots are good example where onions repel carrot flies, and carrots onion flies.