Colours in garden design

Colours are part of our lives. Every day we are surrounded with different colours that have different effects on us. Certain colours feel comfortable, while others feel uncomfortable. Combination of different colours have also different effects.

In the garden, colours are of great importance in addition to forms, of course. Forests and grasslands are dominated by green colour, the same is in the garden. The green colour is the basis of every garden except for small atrium and courtyard gardens where ground is sandy or paved and plants grow in containers and pots. Colour variegation in the garden is achieved by planting a variety of flowering plants. These are flowers of different colours. At the time of flowering, we can achieve flowerbeds entirely in a single colour, which gives strong effect in the garden. Together we can plant flowers of different colours and so will flowerbeds change through the years.

When designing flowerbeds and placing colour elements in the garden consider the meaning and effect of colours. Colours are basically divided into primary and secondary colours. The base colours are clean colours, which can not be obtained by mixing. These are yellow, red and blue. By mixing the primary colours we get secondary colours: orange, green and purple. False colours are white and black by which we regulate gradation. Mixing them gives us grey colour. Mixing white to primary and secondary colours gives pastel colours.

Colours have warm and cold effect. Warm colours are comfortable. They contain red. Very warm colours are strong and aggressive and influence people by causing aggression, raising blood pressure and stimulating the nervous system. Cool colours contain blue. They convey feeling of comfort, depth and peace. They are refreshing and soothing. Very cool colours slow down the metabolism.

We can choose colours for beds with annuals every year. One year you can plant flowers in yellow, next year in red and so on. You can also experiment with different colour combinations. However, if we are planting perennials and flowering shrubs, we need to plan colours ahead.

When choosing colourful plants consider the surroundings. The colours of flowers and leaves should match colours of paths and ornamental elements. At the entrance to the garden and the house using a stronger colours is advisable. In small gardens do not exaggerate with the colours because it can become kitschy.

In planting always choose the base colour that you want to prevail on flowerbeds. Base colour should be in company with other colours in way that it will stand out. We should always consider green colour as it is colour of background. More colourful flowerbed is, more calm should background be. More green colour we have on flowerbed, more different colours can we use. Plants in pastel colours should always be in the front.

Garden changes through the year. A good gardener keeps garden colourful through whole year. The secret of colourful garden is in the selection of different plants that flower in different months of the year.